The American Surgeon General published the first federal government report linking smoking and ill health 50 years ago. The report also demanded that the American government take best suited remedial action to minimize the damage brought on by smoking.
Since then the portion of Americans who light up has fallen from 42% to 18% and then in some states the portion of regular smokers can almost be counted in single figures. Similar reductions have occurred elsewhere. Up to 50 % the united kingdom population smoked in 1974. Now, under a quarter do. The figures around australia are even healthier.
This is extremely good news because smoking causes a variety of diseases and it is the main cause of preventable deaths in many countries. Indeed, smoking might have killed up to 100m folks the 20th century as well as the World Health Organisation estimates the figure for your modern day might be a mind-boggling 1 billion.
About fifty years ago another significant “smoking related” event happened: the initial electronic cigarette was patented. It was a product that produced vapour from tobacco without combustion. For most decades “vaping” remained a minority activity. But in the last few years these not-quite-so newfangled nicotine delivery devices have become rather popular. And concern continues to be raised over their use and particularly uptake among younger people. While figures from Ash advise a negligible variety of wax vape pen, a recently available US-based study found that the proportion of middle and high school students in the usa who had ever used an e-cigarette a lot more than doubled between 2011-2012. Some analysts have even predicted that vaping may become very popular than smoking in a decade.
Modern e-cigarettes are battery-powered devices that vaporise nicotine for inhalation. They normally include a cartridge containing liquid nicotine and a heating element made to produce an aerosol. Many also have flavourings like menthol – a well known fact which has been criticised on the grounds that flavourings may make e-cigarettes more desirable to children.
Although vaping (and passive vaping) could well be safer than smoking (and passive smoking) a number of toxicological analyses have demostrated that e-cigarettes contain many dangerous chemicals. The good thing is that e-cigarettes are primarily utilized by people as a popular smoking cessation aid. But it’s far from clear how effective e-cigarettes are in helping individuals to stop smoking in the long term. More worryingly, some studies have shown that several “never smokers” have tried vaping. This really is of particular concern because e-cigarettes could work as a “gateway drug” to conventional cigarettes.
The relative absence of evidence concerning the safety, effectiveness and ultimate impact of e-cigarettes has triggered the adoption of radically different approaches to the import, production, sale, distribution and advertising of such devices. Some countries, such as Argentina, effectively prohibited them. But most jurisdictions allow e-cigarettes to become sold and consumed subject to varying levels of regulation. The EU, for example, has brought a fairly hard line, however it is unclear at this time what impact these new rules may have.
Ethically speaking, it could seem smart to be wary. E-cigarettes may well not represent a modern day Trojan horse, however the recent interest shown by tobacco companies in these devices should give us all pause for thought. This does not always mean that vaping ought to be entirely proscribed. Quite apart from the proven fact that our liberty rights dictate otherwise, there is, as noted above, good reason to believe that e-cigarettes are less dangerous than regular cigarettes so the net effect on health (and longevity) may well htkcbf positive.
But given the serious risk that vaping might re-glamourise smoking, especially amongst the young, a cautious regulatory approach is warranted. This ought to include a ban on the sale of e-cigarettes to children along with a The Big Apple-style ban on vaping in public areas indoor spaces and private offices. In addition, it seems eminently sensible to set up regulations to ensure that the marketing of e-cigarettes is restricted to current smokers.
Many will complain this too many restrictions on the sale and consumption is going to be counter-productive. Some experts have even claimed that quality control regulation is, more or less, all that is required, which vaping may make smoking redundant. But this method seems overly lax. All things considered, there’s (usually) no vapour without fire.